Cenozoic tectonics of the Caribbean: Structural and stratigraphic studies in Jamaica and Hispaniola
William Paul Mann 1983
A Dissertation submitted to the State University of New York at Albany in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
College of Science and Mathematics, Department of Geological Sciences
Advisor: K.C. Burke

Structural and stratigraphic field studies in Jamaica and Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti) and synthesis of published data from surrounding areas refine previously proposed models for convergent and strike-slip plate interactions in the northern Caribbean. Specifically: 1) new data and regional stratigraphic analysis of major unconformities in the Greater Antilles supports the idea of two distinct arcs that terminated by collision at slightly different times in the latest Cretaceous and Paleogene; unconformities and sedimentation associated with both collisions are used to constrain a pre- strike-slip, early Oligocene reconstruction of the northern Caribbean; 2) field studies in the Port Maria area of northeastern Jamaica essentially complete mapping of the Wagwater Belt, a reactivated Paleogene graben and overlying sedimentary basin, that records approximately east-west extension normal to the trend of the latest Cretaceous Jamaican island arc; the relatively narrow Wagwater Graben contains at least 5.6 km of coarse clastic terrestrial sediments and is overlain by the much larger, saucer-shaped basin filled with a fining-upward section of 1.2 km of marine sediments; consideration of the orientation, distribution, and ages of other Cenozoic graben in Jamaica, the Nicaragua Rise and Central America suggests that all of the graben, including the Wagwater, may have formed by internal deformation of the northern Caribbean plate as it moved eastward during the Cenozoic around a promotory in the North America plate in southern Mexico; and 3) the interpretation of satellite imagery and aerial photographs and field studies in the Enriquillo Valley and Sierra el Numero, Dominican Republic; the Cul-de-Sac Valley and southern peninsula of Haiti; and the Clydesdale area of eastern Jamaica indicate the presence of a 700 km long, approximately east-west trending throughgoing left-lateral strike-slip fault zone - named here, the Enriquillo-Plaintain Garden Fault Zone; field studies in the Clydesdale area and the overall fault pattern of Jamaica suggest that the island constitutes a large restraining bend or compressional segment in the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault Zone; the overall structure of the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault Zone is remarkably consistent with the east-west direction of Caribbean-North America relative plate motion which has been previously determined from earthquake slip vectors and fault-strikes mostly from the Cayman Trough. Although many problems remain in the late Cretaceous and Cenozoic geology of the Caribbean, a plate tectonic framework into which many of them can be accommodated is beginning to emerge.

Mann, W.P., 1983. Cenozoic tectonics of the Caribbean: Structural and stratigraphic studies in Jamaica and Hispaniola. Unpublished PhD dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 688pp.(2 volumes), +xxi; 5 folded plates (maps)
University at Albany Science Library call number:  SCIENCE MIC Film QE 40 Z899 1983 M35
Copies of this PhD dissertation can be ordered from Proquest UMI

        Front matter (title, table of contents, abstract, acknowledgements) - 0.6MB pdf file
        Photo pages in dissertation (coloured and greyscale photos with captions) 26.6MB pdf file

        Plate 1 - Geologic map of the Camp Perrin Basin, southwestern Haiti
                    (uncoloured geological map; scale 1:50,000) 0.8MB pdf file
        Plate 2 - Geologic Map of the L'Asile Basin, SW Haiti
                    (uncoloured geological map; scale 1:50,000) 1MB pdf file
        Plate 3 - Geologic map - Clydesdale area, SE Jamaica
                    (uncoloured geological map; scale 1:12,500) 6.1MB pdf file
        Plate 4 - Geologic map of the Port Maria - Anotto Bay area, northern Jamaica
                    (uncoloured geological map; scale 1:12,500) 13MB pdf file
        Plate 5 - Geologic cross-sections, Port Maria, Jamaica
                    (uncoloured; scale 1:12,500) 0.5MB pdf file

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